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CCC 3



WPA Poster

The Civilian Conservation Corps in Maryland--Page 3

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Photo credits: Unless otherwise noted, all black and white photos were taken by the WPA, are in the public domain, and provided courtesy of the University of Maryland College Park Archives.  All color photos--unless otherwise noted--were taken by Brent McKee.  Click here for more information on photo credits, permission to use, and exhibit descriptions
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 You can scroll through all the photos below, or jump to the ones you want to see:

Washington Monument State Park
, Washington County
Elk Neck State Park
, Cecil County
Cedarville State Forest
, Charles and Prince George's Counties
Fort Frederick State Park
, Washington County
Cunningham Falls State Park
, Frederick County
Green Ridge State Forest
, Allegany County
 
 Washington Monument State Park
Washington County
Offering: Hiking, picnicking, and bird watching (including hawks, eagles, and falcons). 
Website: http://www.dnr.state.md.us/publiclands/western/washington.asp



Above: This is the first monument to George Washington, built by the townspeople of Boonsboro in 1827.  A century after it was built it was in a state of disrepair.  The CCC rebuilt it in the 1930s, and it stands strong today.  (Photographed 2011). 


Above: A sign in front of the Washington Monument, mentioning the CCC.  (Photographed 2011)

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 Elk Neck State Park
Cecil County
Offering: Camping, boating, fishing, crabbing, hiking, biking, hunting, and swimming from the beach.
Website: http://www.dnr.state.md.us/publiclands/central/elkneck.asp



Above: A resident of Elk Neck State Park.  (Photographed 2011)


Above: Elk Neck State Park, near sunset.  A writer for the Baltimore Sun noted in 1939 that "a good deal of development work has been done by the CCC under the direction of George L. Schindel to open up nearly 300 acres of woodland for public use.  About four miles of park road have been built in a loop, and trails have been laid out for hikers.  Drinking fountains have been installed at frequent intervals along the trails, and fireplaces will be built for picnickers.  A concession stand to supply candy, soft drinks and similar commodities probably will be finished this summer."  (Katherine Scarborough, "Elk Neck State Park Now Open To The Public," Baltimore Sun, June 4, 1939, p. MSS1)   

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 Cedarville State Forest
Charles and Prince George's Counties
Offering: Camping, picnicking, fishing, hunting, and trails for hiking, biking, and horseback riding.
Website: http://www.dnr.state.md.us/publiclands/southern/cedarville.asp


Above: Entrance sign to Cedarville State Forest, noting the CCC camp that worked there: S-54.  An information board inside the park/forest reports some very interesting information about this camp: "CCC Camp, project number S-54, was established here on May 27, 1933.  The company number 335-C (note that CCC camps had project numbers and company numbers) designated this as an African-American camp, one of only a few such camps in Maryland...The Cedarville camp had a compliment of 192 men...Educational classes (for the CCC Boys) were provided by African-American teachers...Subjects included penmanship, spelling, arithmetic, American geography, history, English, word study, general science, first aid, auto mechanics, electricity, cook school and carpentry...a work list from 10/12/1934 included the construction of truck trails, forest stand improvement, reduction of fire hazards, 11 miles of telephone lines, fire tower construction, stream clearing, fire line and road construction.  By 1938, this list also included the construction of foot and horse trails, bridges, roads, lookout towers, latrines, and buildings...Many of the existing roads, bridges, buildings and trails at Cedarville State Forest are a testament to the conservation efforts and labor intensive work performed by the men of the Civilian Conservation Corps Camp #335-C."  (Photographed 2011) 


Above: Charcoal Kiln at Cedarville State Forest.  I believe this kiln was built and used by the CCC.  An information board near the kiln reports that it was used until the 1960s, and that charcoal produced in it was sold to campers, as well as to the surrounding community.  (Photographed 2011)

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 Fort Frederick State Park
Washington County
Offered: Picnicking, camping, boating, fishing, and hiking.
Website: http://www.dnr.state.md.us/publiclands/western/fortfrederick.asp



Above: The CCC rebuilt the walls of Fort Frederick, and the fort became a National Historic Landmark in 1974.  (Photographed in 2011)


Above: This building was built by the CCC, and it now serves as a small CCC museum.  Inside the museum is a copy of the daily schedule for the CCC camp that worked here:

5:45am  reveille, washroom
6:00       exercises
6:15       beds made, inspections
6:30       mess call
6:45       police grounds
7:00       everyone to trucks, tools gathered, prepare to go to job site
7:15       trucks roll
7:30       work
11:45     lunch whistle
12:45     back to work
4:00       return to camp, tools returned, etc.
5:00       assembly, announcements, inspection, colors
5:15       meal
5:45       free time
7:15       classes begin
9:30       return to barracks
10:00     lights out


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 Cunningham Falls State Park
Frederick County
Offered: Swimming, hiking, picnicking, boating, hunting, fishing, and camping.
Website: http://www.dnr.state.md.us/publiclands/western/cunningham.asp



Above: Cunningham Falls, one of the park's major attractions.  (Photographed 2011)


Above: The CCC built this picnic pavilion, which can seat up to 150 people.  The pavilion was built before Maryland Route 15 was constructed (in background) and now, unfortunately, there is a lot of road noise.  (Photographed 2011)   

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 Green Ridge State Forest
Allegany County

Offered: Camping, fishing, boating, hiking, biking, horseback riding, hunting, shooting range, and a "Fall Color Driving Tour."
Website: http://www.dnr.state.md.us/publiclands/western/greenridgeforest.asp



Above: CCC Camps S-53 and S-58 were stationed in Green Ridge State Forest, Maryland's second biggest state forest (behind Savage River State Forest).  See here for a Maryland Historic Trust report about a cabin the CCC built at Green Ridge State Forest.

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